List of Names God Changed in the Bible

What are the names in the Bible that God changed?

The Bible is filled with stories of transformation, miracles, and divine encounters. One intriguing aspect of these narratives is the change of names that often occurs in Scripture. In the pages of the Old and New Testaments, we encounter individuals whose names were changed by God Himself, signifying a significant shift in their identity, purpose, or relationship with God.

These name changes carry profound meaning and offer insights into the spiritual journey of those involved. Join us as we explore the list of names God changed in the Bible and the significance behind each transformation.

Names are an important part of our existence. We use them every day, in all of our communications with others. But a precious few have actually been given their earthly names by God himself. Here are a few of those, as found in the scriptures.

Understanding Name Changes in the Bible

Before delving into the specific instances of name changes, it is important to understand the broader context of name changes in the Bible. Name changes occur in both the Old and New Testaments, and they are often accompanied by a divine encounter, revelation, or covenant.

These name changes signify a change in the individual’s role, destiny, or relationship with God. They serve as a tangible marker of the transformative power of faith and God’s intervention in the lives of His people. I dare to say that the KJV has mistakes because there are mistakes in the KJV. I’ve written in a bit more detail here, where further comments are welcome. Also, the translators themselves did not make the claims you’re making. It would be helpful for you to read their preface to the 1611 KJV.

The Significance of Name Changes in the Bible

Biblical name changes symbolize a change in the individual’s role or relationship with God. They often mirror the unfolding of God’s promises and the establishment of a covenant with His people.

The renaming of individuals in the Bible underscores a new phase of their lives, marked by divine favor, blessing, or purpose. It is a visible representation of the transformative work God is doing in their hearts and lives. By changing their names, God is affirming His plan and promises for His chosen ones.

The Context of Name Changes in Biblical Times

In the times of the Old Testament, name changes carried significant meaning, often reflecting a change in the person’s character, destiny, or role in society. The changing of a last name was not a trivial matter but an indication of a shift in the individual’s identity or purpose.

Most name changes in the Bible occurred as a result of a divine encounter, where God Himself would bestow a new name upon the person.

These encounters were deeply meaningful, representing the transformative power of God and His close involvement in the lives of His beloved people. The new name given by God signified a new relationship, a new calling, or a new phase of the individual’s life, bringing about blessings, spiritual growth, and the fulfillment of God’s plans.

Instances of Name Changes by God

Throughout the Bible, there are several notable instances of name changes by God Himself. Let’s explore some of these transformative encounters, where individuals received new names that were indicative of their divine destiny and relationship with God.

Abram to Abraham: Father of Many Nations

One of the most well-known name changes is the transformation of Abram to Abraham. In Genesis, we learn that God promises Abram that he will become the father of many nations. As a sign of this covenant, God changes Abram’s name to Abraham, which means “father of many nations.” This new name signifies the fulfillment of the promise and marks the beginning of a new era for Abraham, who would go on to become the patriarch of the Hebrew people.

Sarai to Sarah: Mother of Nations

Similarly, in the book of Genesis, we witness the change of Sarai’s name to Sarah. Sarai was the wife of Abraham, and God promises that she will bear a son and become the mother of nations.

To reflect this new role, God changes her name from Sarai, meaning “princess,” to Sarah, meaning “mother of nations.” This name change symbolizes the fulfillment of God’s covenant and the birth of a new legacy through the descendants of Abraham and Sarah. Sarah grows into a woman who trusts God’s promises rather than scoffing at them in disbelief.

Jacob to Israel: Struggles with God

Another name change occurs in the book of Genesis when Jacob, the son of Isaac, wrestles with an angel of the Lord. During the encounter, the angel touches Jacob’s hip, leaving him with a permanent limp, and renames him Israel, which means “he struggles with God.”

This new name reflects the transformation of Jacob’s character and the deepened relationship he developed with God through the struggle. It also signifies his new identity as the father of the twelve tribes of Israel. Additionally, it is worth noting that Esau, Jacob’s twin brother, was also known as Edom (Gen. 25:30).

More Biblical Examples of Name Changes

In addition to these well-known name changes in the Old Testament, the New Testament also presents us with compelling examples of name transformations by God. Let’s explore a few of these instances, where individuals experienced a profound change in their identities and destinies through encounters with God.

Simon to Peter: The Rock on which Church was Built

One of the most significant name changes in the New Testament is the transformation of Simon’s name to Peter. Simon, a fisherman, was called by Jesus Christ to be his disciple. Upon recognizing Simon’s faith, Jesus declares, “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church” (Matthew 16:18).

The name Peter, which means “rock,” signifies the foundational role he would play in the establishment of the early Christian Church. This name change highlights Peter’s leadership, authority, and significance among the disciples. Not many people, however, are aware that Jesus gave the brothers John and James a rather humorous designation of ‘the sons of thunder’ (Mark 3:13 – 17)!

Saul to Paul: From Persecutor to Apostle

Another well-known name change in the New Testament is the transformation of Saul’s name to Paul. Saul, a zealous persecutor of early Christians, encounters Jesus Christ on the road to Damascus and is struck blind.

Through this encounter, he undergoes a radical transformation and becomes one of the most influential apostles of the early Christian church. After his conversion, he is commonly referred to as Paul, which means “small” or “humble.” This new name symbolizes the humbling of Saul’s pride and the redirection of his mission to proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ.

Other Significant Name Changes in the Bible

Beyond the well-known name changes, the Bible contains several other instances of individuals whose names were changed, reflecting the significant shifts in their lives, roles, or relationships with God.

Let’s explore a couple of these lesser-known but equally impactful name changes, which offer insights into the transformative power of encounters with God. One example of a significant naming done by God in the scriptures was of His own Son, Jesus Christ, who is also known as Jehovah, Redeemer, Savior, Immanuel, and latin. This name change reflects the divine nature and purpose of Jesus.

Hosea to Joshua: Deliverer of Israelites

In the book of Numbers, we encounter the name change of Hosea, the son of Nun, to Joshua. Originally known as Hosea, meaning “salvation,” his name is changed by Moses to Joshua, which means “Yahweh is salvation.” This name change signifies Joshua’s new role as the leader of the Israelites, tasked with leading them into the Promised Land. It reflects the immense responsibility and divine calling placed upon him, making him the deliverer of the Israelites and a significant figure in the nation’s history.

Joseph to Zaphenath-Paneah: Ruler of Egypt

In the book of Genesis, we encounter the name change of Joseph, the favored son of Jacob, to Zaphenath-Paneah. After being sold into slavery in Egypt, Joseph rises to a position of prominence under Pharaoh. As a sign of his new authority and responsibility, Pharaoh changes Joseph’s name to Zaphenath-Paneah, which carries the meaning of “revealer of secrets” or “savior of the land.” This name change represents Joseph’s transformation from a foreign prisoner to the ruler of Egypt, embodying God’s favor and the fulfillment of His plans for Joseph.

The Role of Prophets in Name Changing

Throughout the Old Testament, we see that prophets played a crucial role in the name-changing process. They were entrusted with the task of communicating God’s instructions for name changes, often serving as intermediaries between God and the individuals involved. This demonstrates the essential role of the prophets in the spiritual journeys of the people, as well as the significance of the name change in the divine plan.

Prophets and Name Changes: An Overview

Prophets, as messengers of God, had a unique role in the name-changing process. They were the conduits through which God communicated His intentions regarding the new name that an individual would receive. Name changes decreed by the prophets were emblematic of spiritual transformation and divine endorsement. These name changes signaled a shift in the individual’s identity, purpose, or destiny, amplifying the prophet’s role in guiding the people towards their calling in the divine plan. The involvement of prophets in name changes highlights the intimate connection between God’s will and the individual’s identity, underscoring the transformative power of encounters with the Divine.

Prophets who Had Their Names Changed

Interestingly, the name-changing process was not exclusive to the individuals receiving new names; some prophets themselves experienced name changes. One notable example is the prophet Daniel, who was given the name Belteshazzar by the Babylonian king, Nebuchadnezzar. Daniel, along with his friends Shadrach, Mishael, and Meshach, had their Hebrew names changed to Babylonian names to reflect their new identities and roles within the Babylonian court. These name changes represented the assimilation of the prophets into the Babylonian culture, while still maintaining their unwavering allegiance to the one true God. Hananiah, one of Daniel’s friends, was known as Shadrach after his name was changed (Daniel 1:6 – 7). When Daniel and his friends were taken as captives into Babylon, they were designated new names by the chief official as a way to force their assimilation into Babylonian culture.

The Implications of Name Changes Today

The name changes in the Bible hold valuable lessons and implications for believers today. While we may not experience literal name changes as the biblical figures did, the concept of name change carries contemporary relevance in various aspects of the Christian faith, including baptism, spiritual transformation, and the believer’s identity in Christ. Let us explore the contemporary implications of these biblical name changes and the impact they can have on our lives today.

Contemporary Relevance of Biblical Name Changes

The name changes in the Bible offer timeless insights into the profound impact of name alterations. Today, name changes carry significance in the lives of Christians and serve as a visible representation of their new identity in Christ. Baptism, for example, is a powerful symbol of this transformation, where believers publicly declare their faith and receive a new name, signaling their new identity as children of God. The act of name change, whether through baptism or personal transformation, reflects the work of the Holy Spirit, who enables believers to grow and mature in their faith. Name changes, therefore, hold contemporary relevance, reminding Christians of their spiritual renewal, calling, and the transforming power of the gospel. The concept of the trinity, as mentioned in Acts 17:29, Rom 1:20, and Col 2:9, further emphasizes the divine nature of this fallen transformation and the triune nature of God.

Personal Reflections on Biblical Name Changes

The study of biblical name changes prompts personal reflections on our own identity, purpose, and relationship with God. As we explore the narratives of name changes in the Bible, we are invited to consider the potential for spiritual renewal, growth, and divine intervention in our lives. These stories inspire us to examine our own hearts, align our lives with God’s purposes, and embrace the transformative power of encounters with the Divine. By engaging in personal reflections on biblical name changes, we can gain deeper insights into the dynamics of personal transformation, the unfolding of God’s plans, and the eternal significance of our own stories.

Do Today’s Name Changes Reflect the Same Significance as in the Bible?

As we navigate today’s culture of name changes, it is essential to consider whether these alterations carry the same significance as the name changes depicted in the Bible. While the contemporary context may differ in many ways, the enduring impact of name changes is evident across biblical narratives and modern-day experiences. Exploring the similarities between biblical and modern name changes sheds light on the universal themes of transformation, purpose, and destiny that resonate across time, culture, and individual stories.

Concluding Thoughts on Biblical Name Changes

In conclusion, the name changes in the Bible serve as powerful reminders of the transformative work of God in the lives of His people. These name changes signify a shift in identity, purpose, or relationship with God, often accompanied by divine encounters, covenant promises, or missions. They reflect the unfolding of God’s redemptive plan throughout history and offer timeless insights into the spiritual journey of individuals who experienced profound transformations. Whether it is the change of name from Abram to Abraham, sarai to Sarah, or Simon to Peter, each name change carries profound biblical significance, rooted in the covenant promises, the person of Jesus Christ, and the guidance of the Holy Spirit.

The name changes in the Bible remind us that God is always at work in our lives, transforming us, guiding us, and revealing His plans for us. They invite us to embrace our new identities as believers, to trust in the promises of God, and to walk in the calling He has for each of us. Just as the individuals in the Bible experienced name changes that carried immense significance, we too can find comfort, inspiration, and hope in the profound biblical narratives of name changes, trusting that our own stories are intricately woven into the divine narrative of redemption and purpose.


In conclusion, the Bible is replete with instances of name changes that hold deep significance and symbolism. These name changes often mark important transitions, transformations, or divine intervention in the lives of individuals. They serve as reminders of God’s power to shape destinies and bring about new purposes. From Abram to Abraham, Sarai to Sarah, Jacob to Israel, and Simon to Peter, these name changes reflect the profound impact of encounters with God and the fulfillment of His promises. Even today, biblical name changes offer insights into the transformative power of faith and the potential for personal growth and purpose. As we reflect on these stories, may they inspire us to embrace our own spiritual journeys and seek the ways in which God may be calling us to be transformed.

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About the author

Lucas is a former worship pastor and Hillsong College graduate (2005). He has spoken at churches, conferences and worship events and loves inspiring people to be more than just a Sunday service-goer. He founded 15 Degrees NE and is one of our leading authors.

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